Blessed with the mesmerizing beauty of mother nature, Dehradun can be called as a Paradise on Earth. The valley will make you spell bound with its scintillating surrounding, picturesque sights, serene and pristine lakes, musical rivers, magnificent sightseeing spots, adventurous landscape, trekking trails and ancient architecture. The cool breeze feels so soothing. Tourists, nature lovers, holiday seekers and honeymooners come from across the world to enjoy and relax in the Paradise on Earth. One visiting to the city should also know about the city’s history so that he could well imagine what a great place it had been since ancient times!
Dehradun is the capital of Uttarakhand. The city has rich and eventful history as it finds mention in scriptures also. When it was the Britishers rule in our country, the town was known as Dehra and the district as Dehradun. It was an integral part of Uttar Pradesh before the creation of Uttarakhand. The sate Uttarakhand was created on November 9, 2000. If we take a glance at the Skanda Purana, Dun is mentioned as a part of the Kedar Khand, which is the abode of Lord Shiva. Dronacharya, who was the great teacher of Kauravas and Pandavas, lived in ancient times, because of which it was known as Drona-nagri during the Mahabharata history.
The histroy of the word ‘Dera’ has been derived from Dehra, a Hindi word, which means camp, while Dun is a name of a river valley, situated between Shivaliks and the Himalyas. The present Dehradun was founded by Guru Ram Rai, who was the son of seventh Sikh Guru Har Rai. Guru Har Rai came in the city in 1675 after he was exiled. In the early eighteenth century they got settled in Dhamawala village thus giving the name Dera or settlement to the city. Since then the town started developing gradually.
A Darbar named ‘Shri Guru Ram Rai Darbar’ was built in 1699 to mark their settlement. It was modelled on the tomb of Mughal Emperor Jehangir with the help of Fateh Shah, the King of Garhwal. The historical municipality was established in 1867. 1900 was a remarkable year for Dehradun as Railways entered in the city via Haridwar. The city’s population reached to nearly 24039 in 1901.
History of Tea Plantations
Tea plantations in Dehradun had been one of the major sources of incomes for the city. Significantly it started in 1863 by the Britons. However, many of the tea growing areas are being converted into residential colonies. Such areas inlcude Sirmour, Banjarawala and Kargi. The existing tea estates produced green tea. It was being supplied to various parts of the country and was also being exported.
History of Languages and Religion
Hindi, Sindhi, Punjabi, Garhwali and Urdu are the basic languages spoken in city since ancient history. As per the 1991 census Dehradun is a home to 8,74,760 Hindus, 98,748 Muslims, 8,949 Christians, 30,417 Sikhs, 8,345 Buddhists, 4,159 Jains, 301 others.